LIVERMORE, Calif. – June 16, 2022 – Monarch Tractor, maker of the fully electric, driver-optional smart tractor, continues to drive farming toward a smart digital future. For the last few years, Monarch Tractor has been working closely with Cal/OSHA to amend Title 8, Section 3441(b) to clarify the use of driver-optional tractors without a human operator stationed on the vehicle, within a strict set of safety guidelines. Today, the company learned its petition was denied by a 3:4 vote. In its proposed amendment, Monarch Tractor suggested that current regulations, which originated in the 1970’s, are outdated and ambiguous, not considering ongoing 21st century autonomous technology advances in tractors and other farm machinery. The current regulations state “all self-propelled equipment shall, when under its own power and in motion, have an operator stationed at the vehicular controls.” Despite the ruling, Cal/OSHA and Monarch Tractor continue to work closely under a temporary experimental variance to gather data, clarify the safety regulations and establish a process with key milestones for the tech providers to follow specifically in farm environments where autonomous equipment is expected to work in close proximity to farm workers.
Monarch has made safety a priority, with information sharing and collaboration with Cal/OSHA over the last three years. During this time, Monarch has incorporated several additional safety features with direct input from Cal/OSHA. Monarch’s tractors are speed limited in autonomy mode to 3mph and feature digital safety guard rails that deploy whenever a human is within 10m (33ft) of the vehicle.
Monarch Tractor continues to lead the effort to bring driver-optional technology to farms and to help bring clarification to existing regulations for deployment. Monarch Tractor’s petition received the support of farmer associations, manufacturers and other agriculture participants who recognize the benefits of driver-optional operations on the farm.
"Monarch continues to advocate for the farmer and ensure access to the latest technology that will increase farm worker safety. The tractor driver seat is one of the most dangerous places on small farms with exposure to chemicals, harsh elements and equipment issues including implements,” said Praveen Penmetsa, co-founder & CEO, Monarch Tractor. “While an approval today would have expedited the regulation process and reduced paperwork and data sharing burden for Monarch and other OEMs, this ruling simply underscores that there is more work to be done under our current Cal/OSHA variance process and as the leader in farm automation technology, we will continue to work with Cal/OSHA on use cases where autonomous equipment is in close proximity to workers."
Monarch Tractor will continue the deployment of its electric, driver-optional tractor, as well as continuing to work with farm and equipment partners to raise questions that will offer regulatory clarity. Continuing to shine a light on ambiguous, outdated regulations will ensure that the doors are always open to innovation, advancement, and progress in agriculture.
Monarch appreciates the tremendous support for the petition from the agriculture industry and equipment manufacturers alike.
Stavros G. Vougioukas, Professor at University of California, Davis
Steven Fennimore, Professor at University of California, Davis
Bryan Little, Director, Employment Policy California Farm Bureau
Mike Dentinger, Trimble
Michael Miiller, California Wine Growers Association
Jeff Jurgens, Association of Equipment Manufacturers (AEM)
Ag Coalition Support
California Farm Bureau, Agricultural Council of California, California Fresh Fruit Association, Western Growers Association, California Association of Winegrape Growers, Wine Institute, American Pistachio Growers, Family Winemakers of California, California Citrus Mutual, United Ag, California Apple Commission, California Blueberry Commission, California Cotton Ginners and Growers Association, Western Agricultural Processors Association, California Strawberry Commission, Far West Equipment Dealers Association, California Walnut Commission
Equipment Manufacturers Support
CNH Industrial, John Deere Intelligent Solutions Group, Kubota Tractor Corporation, AGCO Corporation, Blue White Robotics, FORT Robotics, GUSS Automation, Raven Applied Technology
About Monarch Tractor
Monarch Tractor is working to utilize 21st-century technology to empower farmers by enabling profitable implementation of regenerative, sustainable and organic practices. Monarch Tractor, the world’s first fully electric, driver optional, smart tractor, enhances farmer’s existing operations, alleviating labor shortages, and maximizing yields. Monarch is committed to elevating farming practices to enable clean, efficient, and economically viable solutions for today’s farmers and the generations of farmers to come. With cutting-edge technology, global reach, and an experienced team, Monarch is delivering meaningful change for the future of farming.